ANALYSIS OF THE ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY RESTORATION METHODS OF PESTICIDE-POLLUTED SOILS

Authors

  • R. Petruk 1Vinnytsia National Technical University
  • T. Yakovyshina Prydniprovska State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31471/2415-3184-2019-2(20)-102-111

Keywords:

ecological safety, pesticides, soil contamination, remediation methods of contaminated soils.

Abstract

It is known that in modern agricultural production, huge quantities of crop protection chemicals, namely highly effective pesticide products, are used to intensify plant growth, prevent their diseases, increase their yield, in particular, of grain crops, to control rodents and weeds, etc.

At the same time, in the territory of Ukraine there are still significant volumes of unused, failed pesticide products and mineral fertilizers, which have over time become unidentified dangerous chemical mixtures in dilapidated warehouses and storage facilities. As a result of the long-term application, they accumulate in soils and increase environmental hazards, that is, serious risks for humans and other living systems and the environment. Therefore, there is a pressing issue of creating highly efficient remediation and reclamation methods of contaminated soils. To achieve the maximum possible ecological effect, it seems good to combine several methods, which differ in their working principles, but have the same ultimate goal: biodegradation of pesticides using resistant microorganisms and phytoremediation with hyperaccumulator plants with the possible involvement of phytoextraction effectors to increase the removal of pesticides from the soil.

In the case of the Ukrainian forest steppe with its considerable reserves of black soils, the most appropriate method, from our point of view, is a complex method based mainly on biodegradation of pesticides with the use of resistant microorganisms and phytoremediation with hyperaccumulator plants with the possible involvement of phytoextraction effectors and growth stimulators to increase the removal of pesticides from the soil, in particular by means of nitrogen-fixing bacteria in combination with such plants as beans, sunflowers, sage, etc.

 

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Published

2020-02-23

How to Cite

Petruk, R., & Yakovyshina, T. (2020). ANALYSIS OF THE ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY RESTORATION METHODS OF PESTICIDE-POLLUTED SOILS. Ecological Safety and Balanced Use of Resources, (19(2), 102-111. https://doi.org/10.31471/2415-3184-2019-2(20)-102-111

Issue

Section

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGIES