MONITORING OF SOIL ROOF IN THE FIELD OF DEPOSITS

Authors

  • T. Kachala Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas
  • S. Kachala Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31471/2415-3184-2019-2(20)-76-83

Keywords:

monitoring methods, oil, soil, expert, pollution, degradation, ecological safety field, hydrocarbons.

Abstract

Monitoring can be considered one of the main methods of solving the problem of pedosphere pollution, because the necessary information to overcome the problems can be obtained only through the large-scale specific study. At present, there are some monitoring programs aimed at solving the problems, but they are not effective enough and, therefore, cannot completely fulfill their tasks.

The current problems of land monitoring in Ukraine are primarily related to its organization, which could provide the comprehensive and systematic accounting and assessment of the status of land in order to protect and improve the quality of agricultural soils. There is a need to create a permanent system of accounting, observation, comparison, measurement, inventory and forecasting of the ecological status of lands with the detection and registration of changes against the background of natural and anthropogenic processes, in the continuous functioning of the ecological monitoring service of land. Analyzing the studies in the field of monitoring the oil-contaminated soil on the territory of oil and gas fields, it becomes necessary to develop the new methods of ecological monitoring of the soil of depleted oil and gas fields in order to study the problem of pedosphere contamination.

The development results of a new method of environmental soil monitoring in depleted oil and gas fields are described. The method allows obtaining adequate information on the studied area. An important role in the new monitoring scheme is played by the method of locating soil sampling points, the benefits of which are the system’s flexibility in relation to the studied territory and complexity of research that does not necessarily depend on the size of the studied area. The proposed schemes introduce a new view of monitoring the soil, which is subjected to the heavy anthropogenic impact of the mining industry. The analyzed schemes help to develop new reclamation methods of the soil located in the depleted oil and gas fields, which is contaminated with hydrocarbons and drilling waste.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

References

Estimated pollution of petroleum products by transboundary territories / Ya. A. Adamenko, T. Kachala, A. Deskalescu, V. Oros // Ecological safety and balanced resource use: scientific and technical. magazine. - Ivano-Frankivsk, 2014. - № 1 (9). - P. 4-8.

Oil Land Contaminated Land Management Technical Assessment and Restoration of Soil Contaminated Romanian-Ukrainian Cross-Border Network / Adamenko YA, Prikhodko M., Adamenko O., Mandryk O., Arkhipova L., Shkitsa L., Mishchenko L., Zorin D., Susak O., Radlovskaya K., Kachala T. // Manual .- Ivano-Frankivsk, PE Golinei OM, 2015.-100 pp.

Romanian-Ukrainian Cross-Border Network: Management of Land Plots Contaminated by Petroleum Products / Adamenko Ya., Zorin D., Susak O., Radlovskaya K., Kachala T. // Newsletter. - Ivano-Frankivsk, PE Golinei OM, 2015. - 100 p. .

Polchyna S. M. Profile-differentiated gleyed soils Precarpathians: genesis, variability, taxonomy. Chernivtsi: Chernivetskyi natsionalnyi universytet, 2014. – 271 p. (Іn Ukrainian).

Min K., Freeman C., Kang H. The regulation by phenolic compounds of soil organic matter dynamics under a changing environment//Bio Med Res. 2015. doi: 10.1155/2015/825098.

Neumann D., Heuer A., Hemkemeyer M., Martens R., Tebbe C. C. Importance of soil organic matter for the diversity of microorganisms involved in the degradation of organic pollutants//ISME J. 2014. No 8. P.: 1289–1300. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2013.233

Report on the implementation of design, technological and research works in 2013; in a row. Yu. Y. Bandurov Cha. - Uzhgorod .: Carpathians, 2014. - 91 p.

Gebrin LV The application of aerospace methods for determining the efficiency of land use in Transcarpathia / LV Gebrin, OO Zheleznyak // Science-intensive technologies. - 2014. - Vip. No. 4. - P. 518-521.

Gebrin L. V. Comprehen sive technique for constitut ion estimatio n based on satellite observati on methods. / L. V. Gebrin, O. O. Zeleznyak, Y. I. Velikodsk y, Y. Y. Bandurovi ch // Proceedin gs of the National Avation Universit y, 2015. - № 3 (64) – P. 91 – 97.

Gebryn-Baydi L. V. Application of remote sensing methods to evaluation of soil fertility indicators of Zakarpattia lands / L. V. Gebryn-Baydi // Geodesy, cartography and aerial photography. – 2017. – № 85. – PP.47 – 58.

Published

2020-02-24

How to Cite

Kachala, T., & Kachala, S. (2020). MONITORING OF SOIL ROOF IN THE FIELD OF DEPOSITS. Ecological Safety and Balanced Use of Resources, (19(2), 76-83. https://doi.org/10.31471/2415-3184-2019-2(20)-76-83

Issue

Section

ECOLOGICAL MONITORING, ENVIRONMENT STATE MODELING AND FORECASTING