A COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH TO THE ASSESSMENT OF THE NATURAL TECHNOGENIC IMPACT ON THE HYDROECOSYSTEM

  • S. Kachala Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas
  • Taras Kachala Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas
Keywords: ecological safety, hydro-ecosystem, upper reaches of the Dniester, climate change, natural-technogenic impact, basin approach, hydro-ecological monitoring.

Abstract

The development of the world economy has led to an unprecedented scale of negative impact on the biosphere. There was a conflict between the growing needs of the world community and the limited capacity of the biosphere to meet them. The harmonious development of nature and technology is possible only because of a scientifically sound compromise between the components of the natural environment and human social and economic activity. To date, the only acceptable variant of the progressive movement of mankind is movement within the framework of sustainable development.

The implementation of the concept of harmonious development requires the development of scientific and technical substantiation and the creation of a system of environmental support and support for economic activity. Environmental support should be understood as a system of continuous control, analysis and purposeful impact on conditions, factors and characteristics that affect natural-technogenic risk indicators in order to establish, maintain and maintain the required level of environmental safety in the design, production, operation, and utilization of technical objects.

The main causes of flooding on the rivers of the Carpathian region are natural and climatic features. Flood formation here occurs by a sharp rise in water levels in rivers due to prolonged heavy rainfall, which causes flooding of the territories of settlements, industrial sites and causes significant economic losses. Analysis of previous studies shows that work performed in this field did not typically cover the full range of components required and do not take into account their interrelation. The main insufficiently studied aspects of the existing research are insufficient implementation of ecosystem approach to solving problems of complex definition and forecasting of hydroecological danger, creation of conditions for harmonious functioning of hydroecosystem, unexamined need to take into account climatic factors in the study of hydroecological hazards, objects. The combination of these factors leads to disruption of the hydro-ecosystem and ineffective risk management. The study of climatic factors, the patterns of their change, as well as their impact on the status of water bodies and the formation of runoff of the Carpathian region rivers is a key area of research. This issue requires analysis of the methods of study of hydroecosystems by the basin approach, the selection of the main elements that influence the formation of hydro-environmental hazards, and the creation of a method for determining the natural-technogenic impact.

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Published
2020-02-24
How to Cite
Kachala, S., & Kachala, T. (2020). A COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH TO THE ASSESSMENT OF THE NATURAL TECHNOGENIC IMPACT ON THE HYDROECOSYSTEM. Ecological Safety and Balanced Use of Resources, (19(2), 94-101. https://doi.org/10.31471/2415-3184-2019-2(20)-94-101
Section
ECOLOGICAL MONITORING, ENVIRONMENT STATE MODELING AND FORECASTING