ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY OF GREEN PLANTATIONS VITALITY IN THE CONDITIONS OF TECHNOGENIC-TRANSFORMED ECOSYSTEMS
Keywords:living condition, green plantations, oil pollution, urbanized ecosystem, biosystem organization
The most informative parameters of woody plants living condition are analyzed, which should be used for ecological monitoring of urbanized and oil-contaminated areas. The reactions of the plant organism at different levels of the biosystem organization in response to the action of priority pollutants of the technogenic-transformed environment - heavy metals and oil products - are given. The relevance of the study of oil pollution as one of the main environmental problems of today is substantiated. Adaptive-protective reactions characteristic of resistant plant species and destructive changes in stress-sensitive phytoobjects are highlighted. It is established that the widest range of plant reactions to man-made environmental influences can be found at the molecular, cellular and organ levels of biosystems organization. Based on a set of morphological, physiological, cytological, histological and phenological processes of plants, it is recommended to use indicator species in biomonitoring studies, and remediative species - in reclamation measures of anthropogenically altered areas. Methodical approaches to the assessment of the ecological condition of urbanized and oil-contaminated ecosystems, based on the specifics of zoning and the choice of background area, are highlighted. The classes of vitality and the categories of plant stability are characterized on the basis of the percentage deviation of the analyzed plant parameters with the background values. The prospects of green plantations as primary producers of organic matter and recipients of complex influence of biotic, abiotic and anthropogenic environmental factors are substantiated. The criteria for sampling plant material for bioindication studies in order to obtain reliable factual data are described. The relationship between the processes that occur at all levels of the biosystem hierarchy of the plant organism - from molecular to ecosystem – is highlighted. Based on the establishment of the living condition of green areas of urbanized and oil-contaminated areas, it is possible to timely record the slightest changes in the ecological state of the environment and prevent further negative trends in it.
Alves-Silva E., Santos J.C., Cornelissen T.G. How many leaves are enough? The influence of sample size on estimates of plant developmental instability and leaf asymmetry // Ecological Indicators, 2018. – № 89. – Р. 912-924. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.12.060
Ashraf S., Ali Q., Zahir Z. A., Asghar H. N. Phytoremediation: environmentally sustainable way for reclamation of heavy metal polluted soils // Ecotox. Environ. Safe, 2019. – № 174. – Р. 714–727. 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.02.068
Aydin Turkyilmaz, Hakan Sevik, Mehmet Cetin, Elnaji A. Ahmaida Saleh. Changes in Heavy Metal Accumulation Depending on Traffic Density in Some Landscape Plants // Pol. J. Environ. Stud, 2018. – № 27 (5). – Р. 2277-2284.
Aydin Turkyilmaz, Mehmet Cetin, Hakan Sevik, Kaan Isinkaralar, Elnaji A. Ahmaida Saleh. Variation of heavy metal accumulation in certain landscaping plants due to traffic density // Environment, Development and Sustainability, 2020. – № 22. – Р. 2385–2398.
Behnam Asgari Lajayer, Mansour Ghorbanpour, Shahab Nikabadi. Heavy metals in contaminated environment: Destiny of secondary metabolite biosynthesis, oxidative status and phytoextraction in medicinal plants // Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2017. –№ 145. – Р. 377-390. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.07.035
Birke M., Rauch U., Hofmann F. Tree bark as a bioindicator of air pollution in the city of Stassfurt, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany // Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 2018. – № 187. – Р. 97-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gexplo.2017.09.007
Cristaldi A., Conti G., Eun HeaJho E., Zuccarello P., Grasso A., Copat C., Ferrante M. Phytoremediation of contaminated soils by heavy metals and PAHs. A brief review // Environmental Technology & Innovation, 2017. – № 8. – Р. 309-326. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eti.2017.08.002
Ghazala M., Setsuko K. Toxicity of heavy metals and metal-containing nanoparticles on plants // Plant Gene, 2017. – № 11B. – Р. 247-254. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbapap.2016.02.020
Ghori N.-H., Ghori T., Hayat M. Q., Imadi S. R., Gul A., Altay V. Ozturk M. Heavy metal stress and responses in plants // International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2019. – № 16. – Р. 1807–1828.
Nouri H., Borujeni S., Nirola R., Hassanli A., Beecham S., Alaghmand S., Saint C., Mulcahy D. Application of green remediation on soil salinity treatment: A review on halophytoremediation // Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 2017. – № 107. – Р. 94-107.
Kaur N., Erickson T., Ball A., Ryan M. A review of germination and early growth as a proxy for plant fitness under petrogenic contamination – knowledge gaps and recommendations // Science of The Total Environment, 2017. – № 603. – Р. 728-744. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.02.179
Ikeura H., Kawasaki Yu., Kaimi E., Nishiwaki J., Noborio K., Tamaki M. Screening of plants for phytoremediation of oil-contaminated soil // International Journal of Phytoremediation, 2016. – № 18. – Р. 460-466. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2015.1115957
Mahmood Maleki, Mansour Ghorbanpour, Khalil Kariman. Physiological and antioxidative responses of medicinal plants exposed to heavy metals stress // Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2017. – № 325. – Р. 36-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plgene.2017.04.006
Markéta Mayerová, Šárka Petrová, Mikuláš Madaras, Jan Lipavský, Tomáš Šimon, Tomáš Vaněk. Non-enhanced phytoextraction of cadmium, zinc, and lead by high-yielding crops // Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2017. – № 24. – Р. 14706–14716.
Li J., Zhang D., Zhou P., Liu Q. Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution in Soil and Its Bioaccumulation by Dominant Plants in a Lead-Zinc Mining Area, Nanjing // Huan Jing Ke Xue, 2018. – № 39(8). – Р. 3845-3853. doi: 10.13227/j.hjkx.201712086
Lim M.W., Lau E.V., Poh P.E. A comprehensive guide of remediation technologies for oil contaminated soil − Present works and future directions // Marine Pollution Bulletin., 2016. – № 109(1). – Р. 619-620. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.04.023
Pedroso A., Bussotti F., Papini A., Tani C., Domingos M. Pollution emissions from a petrochemical complex and other environmental stressors induce structural and ultrastructural damage in leaves of a biosensor tree species from the Atlantic Rain Forest // Ecological Indicators, 2016. – № 67. – Р. 215-226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.02.054
Ruf T., Audu V., Holzhauser K., Emmerling C. Bioenergy from Periodically Waterlogged Cropland in Europe: A First Assessment of the Potential of Five Perennial Energy Crops to Provide Biomass and Their Interactions with Soil // Agronomy, 2019. – № 9. – 374 рр.
Saeed Ahmad Asad, Muhammad Farooq, Aftab Afzal, Helen West. Integrated phytobial heavy metal remediation strategies for a sustainable clean environment - A review // Chemosphere, 2019. – № 217. – Р. 925-941. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.11.021
Shevchyk L.Z., Romanyuk O.I. Analiz biolohichnykh mozhlyvostey vidnovlennya naftozabrudnenykh hruntiv // Scientific Journal ScienceRise: Biological Science, 2017. – № 1(4). – Р. 31-39.
Yatsyshyn T., Glibovytska N., Skitsa L., Liakh M., Kachala S. Investigation of biotechnogenic system formed by long-term impact of oil extraction objects // Systems, decision and control in energy I, Studies in systems, decision and control, 2020. – № 298. – Р. 165-177. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-48583-2_11