RESEARCH OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ON HUMAN HEALTH OF IVANO-FRANKIVSK REGION
Keywords:environmental determinants of health, mortality, air pollution, non-communicable diseases
The aim of the work is to study the impact of the environment on human health in Ivano-Frankivsk region based on the analysis of mortality rates and the level of air pollution.
The study analyzes the temporal dynamics and territorial differences of mortality rates, which may show the impact of environmental determinants on health, for the period 2010-2019 for Ivano-Frankivsk region and Ukraine. It is established that the population of Ivano-Frankivsk region is characterized by a lower overall mortality rate and higher average life expectancy compared to the national average.
The main cause of death in Ukraine is non-communicable diseases. It was found that mortality from major non-communicable diseases associated with air pollution (coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tracheal, bronchial and lung cancer) averages 70% of all deaths in Ivano-Frankivsk region, which averages 12.2 thousand people annually. Territorial differences in the proportions of deaths by individual causes of death associated with air pollution have been identified.
Based on WHO statements and statistics, it is assumed that during the study period due to air pollution in Ivano-Frankivsk region died on average annually: from coronary heart disease - 1589 people, from cerebrovascular disease - 135 people, from cancer of the trachea, bronchi and lungs - 68 people, from chronic lower respiratory disease 14 people.
The temporal dynamics and territorial features of air pollution in Ivano-Frankivsk region for 2010-2019 are analyzed. It is established that the region is characterized by significant air pollution from stationary sources with exceeding the average state emissions per unit area and per person. Emissions from stationary sources are dominated by substances that have evidence of health effects.
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