ANALYSING SYSTEM OF THE WASTE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT IN UKRAINE

Authors

  • L. Hlavatska Vinnytsia National Technical University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31471/2415-3184-2021-1(23)-102-108

Keywords:

відходи електричного та електронного обладнання, електронні відходи, навколишнє середовище, поводження з відходами, утилізація електронних відходів, пункт прийому електронних та електричних відходів

Abstract

The article analyzes the state of the waste management system of electrical and electronic equipment in Ukraine. The involved WEEE in Ukraine is assessed by analyzing the electronics market and statistics on waste generation in the industrial and commercial sectors. The main component of WEEE in Ukraine is plastic (30%), as well as medium (20%) and iron (8%). That in Ukraine about 28 thousand tons of WEEE are created (technological equipment - 60%, accumulators and batteries - 21%, household and office appliances - 13%, components of electrical equipment - 4%, fluorescent lamps - 2%.). According to these data, they are underestimated due to the lack of a WEEE monitoring system in the constructed sector. 128 Ukrainian enterprises can collect certain types of WEEE that contain hazardous compounds (batteries, fluorescent lamps, etc.). 22 of them are licensed to use this waste. All other WEEE is not covered. 2 oblasts do not have any enterprises that could add to the management of WEEE. Existing businesses cannot recycle the right people to reach the waste that has already accumulated and will continue to increase. Thus, Ukraine needs the adoption of relevant legislation at the national level, the creation of WEEE reception points, assistance and control over the treatment of WEEE enterprises, as well as the creation of an effective system for monitoring WEEE flows. It is necessary to inform the population about the WEEE school for the environment and further and about human health. Carry out a campaign to promote separate collection of content and the need to separate electrical appliances from solid waste.

 

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References

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Published

2021-07-08

How to Cite

Главацька, Л. Ю. (2021). ANALYSING SYSTEM OF THE WASTE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT IN UKRAINE. Ecological Safety and Balanced Use of Resources, (1(23), 102–108. https://doi.org/10.31471/2415-3184-2021-1(23)-102-108

Issue

Section

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGIES