ANALYSIS OF RUBBER WASTE DISPOSAL DIRECTIONS
Keywords:rubber waste, caoutchouc
Rubber products are widely used in all sectors of the economy. Unvulcanized and vulcanized rubber waste is generated during production. Part of the waste is returned to the production process for the production of consumer goods. During operation, rubber products lose their consumer properties and become waste. Natural and synthetic rubber and various additives are used for the production of rubber products. This requires optimization of rubber waste disposal methods. The analysis of rubber waste disposal directions has showed that it is necessary to take into account the rubber content and the presence of various additives when justifying their disposal direction. It has been established that tires are the most popular waste. These wastes are disposed in Ukraine. At the same time, the level of their disposal remains low. The problem of disposal of non-industrial rubber waste is complicated by the lack of an effective system of separate waste collection. This is due to the lack of appropriate regulatory and legal framework, practical mechanisms for the implementation of separate waste collection in different types of settlements.
The methods of rubber waste disposal are analyzed. Their advantages and disadvantages are identified. The state of rubber waste disposal in Ukraine is analyzed and the key problems are identified.
Studies results indicate a problem of collecting rubber products that have lost their consumer properties. This is due to the lack of effective mechanisms for separate waste collection. The organization of stationary waste collection points in urban settlements and mobile points in large cities and rural settlements is proposed.
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