MEASURES TO PROTECT THE PRINCIPAL CARPATHIA FROM DISASTERABLE FLOODS BY ANALYSIS OF THEIR CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES IN 2008 AND 2020

Authors

  • R. Mykhailiuk Dniester Basin Water Resources Management, Center for Forecasting and Prevention of Technogenic and Hydroecological Hazards of Prykarpattia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31471/2415-3184-2021-2(24)-13-26

Keywords:

flood, Prykarpattia, ecological safety, economic losses, catastrophe prevention

Abstract

On January 1, 2021, the Center for Forecasting and Prevention of Technogenic and Hydroecological Danger of Prykarpattia was established within the IFNTUNG by the order of the Rector. In recent years, two floods in the Carpathians have been catastrophic: one on July 23-28, 2008, and the second on June 20-24, 2020. The article considers the main causes and consequences of catastrophic floods for the Carpathians

The consequences of the catastrophic flood of 2008 were the death of 30 people, flooding of 41 thousand houses, 34 thousand hectares of agricultural land and the destruction of 671 km of roads.

The disaster of 2020 in Prykarpattia was more sudden than the floods of 2008. During June 20-23, heavy rainfall was observed in the region. During these two days alone, 113% of the monthly rainfall fell. This caused a sharp rise in water and strong currents, especially in the mountainous areas of Prykarpattia.

The root cause of the emergency can be considered heavy rain cyclones moving to Ukraine from South-Western Europe, which caused heavy, sometimes very heavy rainfall and the formation of catastrophic rain floods in the Dniester and Prut river basins.

One of the main causes of emergencies was the implementation of uncontrolled and not provided with appropriate technological processes of deforestation in the Ivano-Frankivsk region, unauthorized extraction of sand and gravel in riverbeds and coastal protection zones. Another important reason was that in recent years no state program for the construction of dams and river fortifications, as well as the reconstruction of storm sewers, which have been in operation for a long time without any upgrades, has been properly funded.

Based on the analysis, measures to reduce the negative effects of catastrophic floods are proposed.

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Published

2022-02-07

How to Cite

Mykhailiuk Р. Й. (2022). MEASURES TO PROTECT THE PRINCIPAL CARPATHIA FROM DISASTERABLE FLOODS BY ANALYSIS OF THEIR CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES IN 2008 AND 2020. Ecological Safety and Balanced Use of Resources, (2(24), 13–26. https://doi.org/10.31471/2415-3184-2021-2(24)-13-26

Issue

Section

Регіональні та глобальні екологічні проблеми