Information for Authors

Manuscript Preparation

Manuscripts of articles submitted to the scientific and technical journal "Ecological Safety and Balanced Use of Resources" should be relevant, understandable, complete, executed at a high scientific and technical level, and be consistent with the journal's profile, contain scientific and practical novelty, cause interest to readers of the scientific community.

I. Requirements for Manuscripts

1) word processor – Microsoft Word (version 6.0 or later) for Windows (with filename extension *.doc);
2) page setup:
    – page orientation – portrait;
    – margins (cm): top, bottom, outside – 2.0, inside – 2.5;
    – page orientation – portrait А4 (210×297 mm);
    – pages – “mirrored margins”;
    – header and footer (cm) – 1.2;
3) text formats:
    – font  – Times New Roman;
    – font size – 11 pt (avoid condensed, expanded and/or scaled fonts);
    – line spacing – single;
    – indentation of paragraphs – 1.0 (avoid before and after spacing);
    – pages are not numbered;
4) the size of manuscript: minimal – 6 pages, maximal – 10 pages. All elements (tables, list of references, abstracts and figures) are taken into account in defining the length of the article. For the section “Ecology-related review articles” the length is up to 5 pages;
5) the text of the article must be typed without hyphenation, but with full justification;
6) рublication languages: Ukrainian, English.

II. Article Structure 

1) UDC index (Universal Decimal Classification index).
2) DOI – next line, uppercase, left-justified alignment, font size – 12 pt (digital object identifier, provided by the Publisher);
3) the first name(s) and the last name(s) of the author(s) – next line, right-justified alignment; bold, in italics, font size – 12 pt. The initials and surname of the author are printed in an indissoluble space (Ctrl+Shift+Space);
4) affiliation of the author(s) – next line, right-justified alignment; in italics, font size – 12 pt. If the authors work at different organizations, a sequential superscripted number (1, 2, 3, ...) is placed after their surname, which is repeated in front of the name of the corresponding organization. One superscript number should point to one affiliation; 
5) the title of the article goes after one blank line, in the center, without paragraph spacing, in bold uppercase letters (when writing titles preferably use the MS Word <Format> <Font> <All Ordinary> function);
6) the abstract goes one blank line after the article title. The abstract should be in the language of the article (the word “Abstract” must not be written). The abstract is followed by the “Key words” (in bold, typed with paragraph indentation), that highlight the subject matter of the article. The abstract and key words should be about 1800–2000 characters long including spaces and key words (full justification; font size – 11 pt, line spacing – 0.9);
7) the main body of the article goes below the abstract, after one blank line, and should contain the following sections: 
Problem statement should include a description of the problem and its relation to important scientific and practical issues as well as the purpose and objectives of the article;
– Literature review should include the analysis of studies and publications for the last 5-7 years, including the foreign ones (not less than 40%), in which different solutions to the problem, described by the author, were proposed, and define the unsolved aspects of the problem, the article is devoted to; 
Methods and materials should provide details of the methodology used along with the main material of the research;
Results and discussion should represent the complete substantiation of the obtained scientific results;
Conclusions should represent the conclusions of the study and prospects for further research in this field. 
8) References. The word “References” is in bold and goes after one blank line, in the center, without paragraph spacing. Citations to references in the main text should appear as numbers contained in square brackets. References must be listed in APA style. The list of references should include at least 10–15 positions. Self-citation should not exceed 30%. Authors are responsible for the validity and accuracy of references.

III. Requirements for Tables, Illustrations and Formulas  

1) Requirements for tables:
– tables should be placed immediately after respective paragraphs of description or on the next page after citation in the text of the article;
– tables must be provided in portrait orientation, table background should not be coloured;
– it is not allowed to export tables from MS Excel and use the embedded function “Borders” of MS Words;
– the table length should not exceed a page, the table width should be adjusted to fit within margins;
– all tables should be numbered (unless there is only one table, in which case it should be labelled “Table” with no numbering) and have sequential numbers, positioned in flush-right alignment, written in italics and with a capital letter (for example, Table 1);
– the title of the table should be in the center, without paragraph spacing, with a capital letter and in bold;
– the numbers in tables (in columns) should be placed strictly according to their class – whole numbers under whole numbers, tenths under tenths, etc. If there are whole numbers and decimals with a different number of digits after the decimal point in the same column, then they should be organized into the selected classes by means of adding zeros or rounding;
– all words in the table should be typed in full, except commonly used contractions and abbreviations;
– the hyphenation of words in the titles of tables is not allowed. The left-justified alignment of the text can be used;
– one blank line should be left between the end of the table and the main text;
– tables should be simple and easy to read; avoid large tables and cumbersome headers. Tables of similar types must be designed and constructed in the same way (the violation of this rule complicates the comparison of the data provided in tables);
– tables with one row as well as tables with multiple rows should not be represented. These data should be summarized and analyzed in plain text;
– blank rows cannot be left. If no research has been done, it is recommended to use a symbol, for example a multiplication sign (×), and define it in the footnote below the table. If the phenomenon is not available, a dash (–) is put, if the substance, object, etc. are not available, zero should be written;
– each table must be cited in the text in numerical order in the following way: (table 1) at first mention and (see table 1) in all subsequent cases. Numerous repeated citations are unadvisable.
2) Requirements for illustrations:
– illustrations (photographs, graphs, diagrams, etc.) should be placed just after the end of the paragraph or on the next page and be cited in the text. One blank line should be left between the illustration and the main text;
– illustrations should be in *.jpg, or *.bmp or *.tif formats;
– illustrations created in the graphic editor MS Word are not accepted;
– it is unadvisable to combine more than three graphs in one figure. In graphs, all axes must be clearly labeled;
– all illustrations must be numbered (unless there is only one illustration, in which case it should be labelled “Fig.” with no numbering). Clearly label every illustration below it: without paragraph spacing, in bold, in the center, with before and after spacing set to 3 pt after the title. The title should begin with the words “Fig. ”, followed by the name of the illustration;
– all illustrations must be cited in the text in numerical order in the following way: (fig. 1) at first mention and (see fig. 1) in all subsequent cases. Numerous repeated citations are not desirable.
3) Requirements for formulas:
 – formulas are typed in the MS Equation Editor in the center, with before and after spacing set to 3 pt and numbered in Arabic numerals in brackets on the right (for example, (1));
 – all elements of formulas, in particular the letters of the Latin and Greek alphabets, must be typed in the same font as the main text;
 – all variables are described just after the given formula, from a new line, without  paragraph spacing.

IV. Other Editorial Tips and Recommendations  

1) All kinds of measurements should be reported only in International System of Units (SI).
2) All acronyms and abbreviations must be explained in full at first mention.
3) Avoid the use of so-called professionalisms.
4) The authors of articles may not use different symbols for “dash” (long line) and “hyphen” (short line), which can cause grammatical and semantic mistakes (and add work for editors on establishing the truth and making corrections). Remember that the dash (–) is the punctuation mark which very often replaces the predicate or expresses the intonation (the so-called intonation dash); the hyphen (-) is the mark which is used to connect the parts of a compound word.
5) Please pay attention to the use of gaps (spaces) between words, signs and symbols:
    a) insert gaps (spaces) in the following cases:
        – before and after a dash if the dash is used to punctuate a sentence;
        – between a number and its unit of measurement (for example: 100 g/dm³);
    b) no gap is needed in the following cases:
        – between numbers and the dash (for example: 80–95);
        – between numbers and percent signs (for example: 10%);
        – between numbers and degrees Celsius (for example: 15°C);
        – between numbers and mathematical operators (for example: 60×90).
    c) do not use more than one gap (space) between words.